Import/export customs clearance is an examination of the contents of the declaration to ensure that it is accurate, however, cargo inspections are conducted when necessary.
Depending on the cargo, there may be cases where procedures appropriate to related laws other than the Customs Law, such as the Food Sanitation Law, Plant Protection Law, and Livestock Infectious Disease Prevention Law, are required.
Cargo inspections include not only visual inspections, but also inspections using state-of-the-art equipment (x-ray inspection equipment, analyzers).
Customs inspections serve to prevent drugs, methamphetamines, guns, etc. (so-called goods that are harmful to society) from entering the country.
This is essential for the safety of the people and for the security of their lives.
In principle, permission for importation is granted only after payment of taxes (customs duties, consumption taxes, etc.) determined by the goods and verification of the documentation.
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When a shipment arrives in Japan from abroad (by ship, plane, etc.), it is treated as a foreign shipment and is temporarily stored in a bonded area at a port or airport. In order to handle these foreign goods as distribution goods in Japan, it is necessary to declare the import to the customs office with jurisdiction over the bonded area where the goods are stored.
The import declaration is completed after confirming the name, quantity, price, etc. of the goods according to the documents of the goods (invoice, packing list, B/L, etc.), checking the contents, sorting, etc., and preparing the declaration form (tax declaration method).If necessary, the cargo will be inspected by customs.
Export customs declaration
If you wish to send goods from Japan to a foreign country, you must take them into a bonded area, obtain confirmation of delivery at the bonded area and declare the export to the customs office with jurisdiction over the bonded area when the goods are ready for export.